General Dentistry is the award-winning, peer-reviewed journal of the Academy of General Dentistry. Published bimonthly, General Dentistry features clinical articles spanning the breadth of topics relevant to general dentists, including unique diagnostic case reports, novel solutions to common treatment dilemmas, evidence-based best practices, and the science to help you choose the best materials, technology and procedures for your patients and your practice.

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Table of Contents


  • Editorial Ozempic and dental therapy

    Timothy F. Kosinski

    2024 May/June; 72(3):6.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Guest Column Preparing for and managing medical emergencies in the dental office

    Richard P. Gangwisch
    Henry W. Ferguson

    2024 May/June; 72(3):7-12.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Pharmacology Is there a potentially serious drug interaction between marijuana and local anesthetics containing a vasoconstrictor?

    Mark Donaldson
    Jason H. Goodchild

    2024 May/June; 72(3):14-19.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Prosthodontics Prevention of common issues with overdentures and all-on-X hybrids: lessons learned from 30 years of implant prosthetics, part 1

    Samuel M. Strong

    2024 May/June; 72(3):20-23.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Public Health Implicit bias and dentistry

    Larry N. Williams

    2024 May/June; 72(3):24-25.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Oral Diagnosis Pear-shaped radiolucency and Undulating radiolucency

    Galal Omami

    2024 May/June; 72(3):78,80.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Self-Instruction Answers Exercises No. GD510, GD511, and GD512 from the May/June 2023 issue

    2024 May/June; 72(3):79.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Correction 2024 May/June; 72(3):79.

    Full Article (PDF)

Clinical Articles


    Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry Determining the widths of the maxillary anterior teeth for esthetics: comparison of the Mondelli and Albers formulas, esthetic proportion, and golden ratio

    Lorena de Mello Alcântara Garrido 
    Ana Paula Rodrigues Magalhães
    Mauro Elisban Díaz Mamani 
    José Mondelli

    A comparison of formulas for idealized proportions of the maxillary incisors (Mondelli formula 1, Mondelli formula 2, Albers formula, esthetic proportion, and golden ratio) against measurements in natural teeth revealed that none of the suggested proportions exactly matched the actual measurements of the population. These formulas can serve as guidelines for esthetic planning, but the patient’s individual characteristics and dentist’s expertise should determine treatment.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):26-32.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD527

    Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Malignancy around implants in patients with a history of a potentially malignant or malignant lesion: a systematic review

    Abhishek Kumar Gupta 
    Rekha Gupta
    Shubhra Gill
    Vashi Narula

    This review assessed the relationship between oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) around dental implants and a history of a potentially malignant lesion (PML) or malignant lesion. There is no statistical evidence of a direct association between implants and OSCC in patients with a history of PML or malignancy, but case reports suggest that these patients should be evaluated regularly, particularly if they have other OSCC risk factors such as a history of smoking or alcohol abuse. 

    2024 May/June; 72(3):34-40.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD528

    Esthetics/Cosmetic Dentistry Tetracycline staining of the dentition: a review of the literature and report of a clinical case

    Paulo G. Warmling 
    Júlia Soares de Arruda Zanandrea
    Taynara Santos Goulart 
    Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia
    Josiane de Almeida

    This article reviews the literature regarding tetracycline staining of the dentition and describes the treatment of severe tetracycline staining affecting the maxillary anterior dentition of a 48-year-old man. Direct composite resin laminate veneers were fabricated with a combination of different resinous materials in different shades to meet the functional and esthetic needs of the patient.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):42-48.

    Full Article (PDF)
    Self-Instruction Exercise No. GD529
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Bone quality assessment in patients with healing mandibular fracture sites: a computed tomography investigation

    Erika Antonia dos Anjos Ramos 
    Luciana Munhoz 
    Basílio de Almeida Milani 
    Emiko Saito Arita

    This retrospective study assessed the bone quality of healing mandibular fracture sites by measuring the Hounsfield units (HU) on computed tomography images obtained presurgery and postsurgery in patients treated with rigid internal fixation. In these patients, the HU values measured by CT varied across time, expressing the physiologic bone healing process.   

    2024 May/June; 72(3):50-55.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Removable Prosthodontics Tongue prosthesis after total glossectomy: a case report

    Victor Alves Nascimento
    Jovânia Alves Oliveira
    Amanda Rosa de Oliveira 
    Maira Foresti Vieira Munhoz 
    Marcela Filié Haddad

    This case report describes the prosthetic treatment of a 56-year-old man who underwent total glossectomy, resulting in speech and swallowing difficulties. Esthetic and functional tests were carried out on 3 prototypes of a tongue prosthesis retained by clasps on the first molars. One tongue prototype designed to facilitate speech and another designed to aid in eating and swallowing were selected, and both prostheses were fabricated to restore the patient’s oral function.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):56-60.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Periodontics Time management in multistep periodontal and implant treatments: a practical guide

    Ardeshir Lafzi 
    Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh
    Amirhossein Farahmand 
    Javad Mehrani Sabet
    Reza Amid 
    Anahita Moscowchi

    This literature review discusses the healing processes associated with multistep periodontal and implant treatments and offers recommended time frames for managing crown-lengthening surgery, fresh extraction sockets, alveolar ridge defects, soft tissue defects, sinus floor augmentation, implant loading, and peri-implant defects.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):61-66.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Endodontics Atypical healing of an endodontic lesion following emergency treatment: a case report

    Saeed Asgary 
    Bita Talebzadeh

    This case report examines the atypical healing of an endodontic lesion. Two months after a patient missed her endodontic treatment appointment, she required emergency treatment that included canal cleaning, application of a modified triple antibiotic paste (penicillin G, metronidazole, and ciprofloxacin), and temporary restoration. She failed to seek definitive root canal therapy, but follow-up examinations at 1 and 5 years disclosed gradual healing of the lesion.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):67-69.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Periodontics Treatment of peri-implantitis using nonsurgical debridement combined with bioresorbable doxycycline nanospheres: a case report with 3-year follow-up

    Rafaela Videira Clima da Silva 
    Amanda Bandeira de Almeida
    Rahyza Inácio Freire de Assis 
    Elis Janaína dos Santos
    Daiana Moreira Mendes Rozendo 
    Antônio Wilson Sallum

    This case report describes the treatment of peri-implantitis in a 71-year-old man using mechanical debridement combined with application of bioresorbable doxycycline nanospheres. At the 3-year evaluation, the peri-implant tissues had improved, exhibiting decreased probing depth, minimal bleeding on probing, and no suppuration.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):70-73.

    Full Article (PDF)
  • Oral Medicine, Oral Diagnosis, Oral Pathology Human papillomavirus, oropharyngeal cancer, and the latest vaccine: considerations for oral healthcare providers

    Madison L. Watt 
    Emily Li
    James J. Closmann 
    Oliver H. Chang

    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The current 9-valent HPV vaccine (Gardasil 9) protects against high-risk strains that have been shown to cause OPSCC, and dentists may play a role in the prevention of HPV-related OPSCCs by communicating with their patients about vaccination recommendations.

    2024 May/June; 72(3):74-77.
    Full Article (PDF)

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