Table of Contents
Special section on sports dentistry
Nutrition Do current sports nutrition guidelines conflict with good oral health?Elizabeth M. Broad, BSc, DipNutrDiet, MAppSc, PhDFull Article (PDF)
Leslie A. Rye, DDS, MST, FASD, FAGD, FICD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):18-23.
Increased intake of carbohydrate-rich foods and sports drinks on products may contribute to risks of dental erosion, caries, and periodontal disease in the athlete, especially when he or she also exhibits dehydration and poor oral hygiene habits. This article reviews current sports nutrition guidelines for athletes, explains how these guidelines may impact oral health, and provides recommendations to help athletes maintain good oral health.
Traumatic Injuries & Emergencies Traumatic injuries to athletesAsgeir Sigurdsson, DDS, MSFull Article (PDF)
Cecilia Bourguignon, DDS
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):24-29.
This article focuses on the emergency treatment of common forms of dental trauma in athletes, both at the location of the injury and at the dental office. When dental injuries happen to young patients, saving the tooth is an absolute priority, because few long-term replacement solutions can be performed in a growing child. Preserving pulpal vitality of immature teeth is essential to allow continued root development.
Sports Dentistry & Mouthguards Effects of various mouthpieces on respiratory physiology during steady-state exercise in college-aged subjectsDena P. Garner, PhDFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):30-34.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 3 different mouthpiece designs—boil-and-bite mouthpiece, ethylene vinyl acetate custom mandibular mouthpiece, and polypropylene custom mandibular mouthpiece—on respiratory physiology parameters and compare them to results of a no-mouthpiece condition. The outcomes demonstrated that the use of the boil-and-bite mouthpiece decreased respiratory rate during exercise.
Sports Dentistry & Mouthguards Mandatory mouthguard rules for high school athletes in the United StatesStephen C. Mills, DDSFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):35-40.
The National Federation of State High School Associations currently mandates mouthguards for football, lacrosse, ice hockey, and field hockey players and wrestlers who wear orthodontic appliances. This article summarizes the process for rule changes at the national level and discusses the history of 4 states that have tried to mandate mouthguards for additional sports.
Sports Dentistry & Mouthguards Effect of clenching with a mouthguard on head acceleration during heading of a soccer ballKeishiro Narimatsu, DDSFull Article (PDF) Self-Instruction Exercise No. 376
Tomotaka Takeda, DDS, PhD
Kazunori Nakajima, DDS, PhD
Michiyo Konno, DDS
Takamitsu Ozawa, DDS, PhD
Keiichi Ishigami, DDS, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):41-46.
The effect of clenching a mouthguard (MG) on head acceleration during “heading” of a soccer ball was investigated. When players headed a ball without instruction or the MG, weak masseter and sternocleidomastoid activity was observed. Significant decreases in head acceleration and increases in muscle activity were observed when players headed while clenching the masseters tightly without the MG or while clenching tightly with the MG. The effect was stronger when the players wore the MG.
Sports Dentistry & Mouthguards Effects of mouthguards on vertical dimension, muscle activation, and athlete preference: a prospective cross-sectional studyC. Colby Gage, DMD, DHEdFull Article (PDF)
Kellie C. Huxel Bliven, PhD, ATC
R. Curtis Bay, PhD
Jeremiah S. Sturgill, DMD, MPH, DHEd
Jae Hyun Park, DMD, MSD, MS, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):48-55.
This study of 24 adult weightlifters compared the effect of 2 self-fit, a custom, and no mouthguard on vertical dimension and muscle activation. Mean and peak activity of the anterior temporalis and masseter and mean activity of the sternocleidomastoid muscles differed significantly among mouthguards. Participants preferred custom mouthguards nearly 2:1 over self-fit performance mouthguards.
Traumatic Injuries & Emergencies Splinting rationale and contemporary treatment options for luxated and avulsed permanent teethDouglas L. Lambert, DDSFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):56-60.
Regardless of preventive measures, damage and injury to the oral cavity can occur during participation in sports. This article identifies luxation and avulsion injuries, explains the rationale for splinting, reviews guidelines for splint duration, and discusses contemporary material options available to stabilize affected permanent dentition.
Sports Dentistry & Mouthguards A survey of attitudes, behaviors, and needs of team dentistsLesley A. McGovern, RDH, MSFull Article (PDF)
Ann Eshenaur Spolarich, RDH, PhD
Robert Keim, DDS, EdD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):61-66.
A survey of team dentists gathered data about their attitudes, practice behaviors, and needs as well as services provided, including oral screenings and any barriers to those screenings. The most frequently provided services were emergency treatment and mouthguards. Most team dentists performed oral screenings. The most commonly cited barrier to screenings was lack of awareness of the importance of oral health.
Editorial Healing with loveRoger D. Winland, DDS, MS, MAGDFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):8.
Guest Editorial The Academy for Sports Dentistry and the Academy of General Dentistry: a winning teamJames R. Lovelace, DDSFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):10.
Restorative Dentistry Additive occlusal equilibrationRoger A. Solow, DDSFull Article (PDF)
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):12-17.
Answers Self-Instruction exercises No. 358, 359, and 3602015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):80.Full Article (PDF)
Operative (Restorative) Dentistry Effect of prolonged air drying on the bond strength of adhesive systems to dentinStefanie Bressan Werle, DDSFull Article (PDF) Self-Instruction Exercise No. 377
Ana Steglich, DDS
Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares, DDS, PhD
Rachel de Oliveira Rocha, DDS, MSc, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):68-72.
This in vitro study evaluated the effect of air-drying time on degree of solvent evaporation (DE), dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), and degree of conversion (DC) of 5 adhesive systems. DE was significantly greater with prolonged air drying than with manufacturers’ suggested times. Two materials showed significantly greater µTBS with prolonged air drying. DC was not affected by air-drying time. No significant correlation was found between DC and µTBS.
Anesthesia and Pain Control Effect of a new local anesthetic buffering device on pain reduction during nerve block injectionsAndrew W. Comerci, DDS, MSFull Article (PDF) Self-Instruction Exercise No. 378
Steven C. Maller, DDS, MS
Richard D. Townsend, DMD, MS
John D. Teepe, DDS, MS
Kraig S. Vandewalle, DDS, MS
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):74-78.
This split-mouth, double-blind, randomized study evaluated the effectiveness of a sodium bicarbonate local anesthetic buffering device in reducing pain associated with dental injections. No statistically significant difference was found between pain levels reported for injections of buffered and standard unbuffered lidocaine.
Space Management/Appliances Space loss following premature loss of primary second molarsHassan H. Alnahwi, BDSFull Article (PDF)
Kevin J. Donly, DDS, MS
Claudia I. Contreras, DDS
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e1-e4.
This study evaluated space loss (SL) caused by premature loss of primary second molars, whether the eruption status of permanent first molars affected SL, and the effectiveness of space maintainers (SMs) in preventing SL. The greatest SL occurred in the first 12 months after extraction. SL was significantly greater at both 6 and 12 months when the first molar was unerupted. SMs should be placed as soon as possible following tooth extraction to prevent undue SL.
Digital Radiology Digital panoramic radiography versus cone beam computed tomography in the delineation of maxillomandibular tumorsRenata Quirino de Almeida Barros, PhDFull Article (PDF)
Vanessa Maria Freire Abilio, MSc
Angela Toshie Araki Yamamoto, PhD
Daniela Pita de Melo, PhD
Gustavo Pina Godoy, PhD
Patricia Meira Bento, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e5-e10.
This research aimed to compare the efficacy of digital panoramic radiography (DPR) with that of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for delineation of odontogenic and nonodontogenic tumors in 23 patients. For all analyzed variables, CBCTs offered more accurate details than did DPRs. Panoramic radiography should not be the examination of choice to visualize lesions in the maxillomandibular complex.
Implant Restorations Narrow-implant–retained overdenture in an atrophic mandibular ridge: a case report with 6-year follow-upCarlos Roberto Garcia Araujo, DDSFull Article (PDF)
Paulo Antonio Martins-Junior, DDS, MSc, PhD
Roberto Carlos de Araujo, DDS, MSc
Marcos Augusto de Sa, MSc, PhD
Thomaz Wassall, DDS, PhD
Anderson Jose Ferreira, DDS, MSc, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e12-e15.
This case report describes treatment of an edentulous 75-year-old diabetic woman with a severely resorbed mandibular ridge. Her mandibular dentition was restored with an overdenture supported by 3 narrow implants and 1 mini implant. A 6-year follow-up confirmed that the narrow implants had provided effective stability for the overdenture.
Medical Health History/Factors What every dentist needs to know about obesity and oral healthDeborah S. Rodriguez, DDS, FAGD, FACDFull Article (PDF)
Moshe M. Rechthand
Nasir Bashirelahi, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e16-e19.
Obesity greatly increases an individual’s risk for numerous systemic diseases. Moreover, the link between obesity and periodontitis has been well documented. Dentists should be aware of the early signs of obesity and its oral manifestations and equipped to educate their patients. This article reviews recent findings on obesity and its relationship to other diseases and in particular to oral health.
Implant Materials Accuracy of dental torque wrenchesJames S. Wood, BSFull Article (PDF)
Nicole M. Marlow, PhD, MSPH
Monica J. Cayouette, DMD, MS, FACP
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e20-e22.
A calibrated gauge compared actual torque to target torque of spring- and friction-style torque wrenches. At a target of 15 N/cm, the torque of new spring wrenches was significantly different from that of used spring but not new friction wrenches. At a target of 35 N/cm, the torque of new spring wrenches was significantly different from those of new friction and used spring wrenches. Torque wrenches should be checked regularly to ensure that they are performing to target values.
Tooth Whitening/Bleaching Toothpastes containing abrasive and chemical whitening agents: efficacy in reducing extrinsic dental stainingCristina Neves Girao Salgado Soares, DDSFull Article (PDF)
Flavia Lucisano Botelho do Amaral, DDS, MS, PhD
Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, DDS, MS, PhD
Fabiana Mantovani Gomes Franca, DDS, MS, PhD
Roberta Tarkany Basting, DDS, MS, PhD
Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, DDS, MS, PhD
2015 Nov/Dec; 63(6):e24-e28.
This in vitro study evaluated the efficacy of toothpastes containing abrasive and chemical whitening agents in reducing the extrinsic discoloration of dental enamel. There was no observed difference between the changes in color values in dental enamel slabs brushed with whitening toothpastes and the changes found in slabs brushed with ordinary toothpaste.